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Bassorilievi della facciata

Exterior Decorations
 
On all the windows of the first floor on the facade overlooking the garden, as well as on some ground-floor windows and the three central ones on the facade towards the courtyard we find bas-relief ornamentation conceived – in both content and form – by Giuseppe Parini.
One of the first exponents of Neo-classicism, this poet was invited by the patron to create mythology-inspired decorations that would emphasize the Villa’s prestige, nobility, generosity, and hospitality (see the list of reliefs below).
In order to transform these contents into images, in all likelihood Parini turned to the painter Giuliano Traballesi to coordinate his team of sculptors who were already working on the prestigious facade of the Duomo: Donato Carabelli, Cesare Ribossi, Andrea da Casareggio, Grazioso Rusca, Carlo Pozzi, and Angelo Pizzi.
 
In addition to the reliefs, alternated with Ionic columns on both facades, the cycle possesses thirty statues of classical deities on the balustrades of the upper section in correspondence to the columns themselves. Cronus, Cybele, Vesta, and Pluto can be found at the entrance to the ceremonial courtyard. Instead, on the side of the garden we find, from center to left: Juno, Apollo, Neptune, Minerva, Bacchus, Ganymede, Iris, Pomona, Pan, Naiade, Silenus, Maenads, and Hypnos and, from center to right: Jupiter, Venus, Cupid, Amphitrite, Mars, Ceres, Mercury, Hebe, Flora, Zephyr, Silvanus, Amore, and Cephalus. The balustrade runs between both large gables to the sides, which in turn are decorated with motifs of the Chariot of Day and Chariot of Night.
 
List of subjects present on the facade reliefs

 
 
Courtyard facade, left to right:

Temperance (Ulysses in Circe’s Home), Hospitality (Baucis and Philomena Host Jupiter and Mercury), Punished Simulation (Ulysses Slaying the Suitors)
 
Garden facade, center to left:

Loves of Jupiter and Juno, The Graces Dance to the Music of Apollo’s Cithara, Diana and the Nymphs Surprised by Actaeon, Minerva and Neptune Contend the Name of Athens, Bacchus and Ariadne, Silenus with Satyrs and Maenads, Iris Presenting the Nymph Pasitea to Hypnos, Syrinx Transformed into a Reed, Pomona and Vertumno, Ganymede Taken by and Eagle.
 
Garden facade, center to right:

Judgment of Paris, Psyche Surprising Sleeping Cupid, The Wedding of Amphitrite, Mars and Venus in Vulcan’s Net, Cesar Teaching Triptolemus about Agriculture, Mercury Putting Argus to Sleep with the Lyre, Hebe Pouring Hercules Nectar, Flowers to an Idol, Zephyr Teaching the Swan to Sing, Silvanus Embracing the Nymph Cyparissus, Aurora Kissing Cephalus, Cephalus Holding the Wounded Procris.
 
 
Literature:
 

G. Barbarisi (a cura di), Nuovo Palazzo Belgiojoso (Villa Reale) 1790, in G. Buccellati, A. Marchi (a cura di), Parini e le Arti nella Milano Neoclassica, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milano 2000